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|| (2012-05-01) Revealing hidden identities. Use-wear analysis on flint implements from the Hamburg site of Stroe-Kootwijksche Veld, the Netherlands|
Roeden, Belinda van
This thesis deals with the use-wear analysis conducted on a selection of the assemblage found at the Hamburg site of Stroe. Use-wear analysis revealed the functions of most analysed tools. These functions often were different from what would be expected based on the typology. Therefore, use-wear analysis is very important; it can reveal “hidden identities” of tools as it were. At the site of Stroe, many post-depositional processes were recognised but nevertheless the assemblage seemed repres....................
|| (2012-05-01) Andirons in Association with Early Transcaucasian Wares: Indications of Identity during the Early Bronze Age.|
The Early Bronze Age in the Transcaucasian region of Turkey is marked by vast changes in organization of society resulting in varied patterns of interaction. The view that peoples from Transcaucasia migrated southwards to the Amuq Plain then to Palestine still leads the discussion based predominantly on pottery assemblages. The ETC ware horizon encompasses modern day northern Transcaucasia, eastern and southeastern Turkey, the Amuq Plain, Palestine and the Levant where local individuality exists....................
|| (2012-05-01) Scratching the Surface. Flint assemblages of the Dutch hunebedden|
Woerdekom, P.C. van
This thesis aims to balance the lack of published data on flint finds from Dutch megalithic monuments, the hunebedden, that were built during the Middle Neolithic. Technological and typological aspects from hunebed D19, D26, G2 and G3 are described in detail, considering the entire flint assemblages, not only focussing on formal tools. Results from use wear analysis of a selection of objects from these sites are included. The representativity of these four sites is assessed by a small-scale lite....................
|| (2012-05-01) What for Whom? The presentation of Dutch archaeological collections in Dutch provincial and national museums|
Kesteren, Charlotte van
Museums are the places where many people come into direct contact with archaeology for the first time. By visiting museum presentations and exhibitions the public can see and enjoy the archaeological remains of ancient civilizations and peoples. Museums are a significant and powerful instrument for public knowledge and construction of the past. The tasks of archaeological museums are not easy to define. The tasks archaeological museums had in the past have now been diminished or taken over by ot....................
|| (2012-05-01) The Bank Vole. A valuable biostratigraphical marker?|
Veen, Karen van der
Dating archaeological sites in the Quaternary period remains difficult despite the relatively recent developed physical dating methods such as 14C, palaeomagnetism, geochronometric dating such as thermoluminescence (TL), optical stimulated luminescence (OSL) Uranium (U)-series methods, Potassium/Argon (K/Ar) and Argon/Argon (Ar/Ar). Biostratigraphy is also an often used and established method to relatively date archaeological sites in the Quarternary period. Voles in particular can contribute va....................
|| (2012-05-01) Medieval and Roman Catholic beliefs and the treatment of the dead in Dutch archaeology|
Laan, Bas van der
This thesis deals with the question whether the contemporary archaeological treatment of Dutch Christian burials that date between the Christianization and the Reformation, suits the beliefs and practice of medieval Christians and present-day Roman Catholic beliefs. Furthermore, it was researched whether these beliefs could start to play a role in archaeological ethical practice, in case there would be any discrepancies between these beliefs and the named practice. A philosophical framework was ....................
|| (2012-05-01) Writing in Archaic Greece. The spread of literacy through inscriptions|
Rooijen, Gerrie van
Besides a probably important audible role the visual aspect of inscriptions shouldn’t be underestimated. In the Archaic Period the effect of visual text was explored and applied in different ways. In many cases the purpose was to be seen and maybe even more important than to be read. Public and semi-public showing off with writing is visible on dedications, law inscriptions and vases. Texts function to impress. By writing something down a certain statement is made. The importance (e.g. laws) a....................
|| (2012-05-01) Knooppunt Ekkersrijt: Prehistorische nederzettingen ontrafeld (gemeente Son en Breugel, N-B) Synthese en conclusies|
Jongh, Theo de
De afgelopen jaren is door Rijkswaterstaat in Son en Breugel, bij het industrieterrein Ekkersrijt een verkeersknooppunt aangelegd. Dit knooppunt moet de doorstroming van het verkeer op de snelwegen A58 (naar Tilburg-Breda) en A50 (naar Veghel-Oss-Nijmegen) verbeteren. Dat er sporen uit het verleden te vinden waren op het braakliggende terrein was bekend geworden dankzij vondsten, die onder andere vrijetijd-archeoloog R. (Geit) Emmery uit Son en Breugel had verzameld. Daarnaast was door het arche....................
|| (2012-05-01) Baelo Claudia. The Position of an Industrial City in the Roman World|
Baelo Claudia is een Romeinse site in het zuiden van Spanje aan de Straat van Gibraltar. De site werd al bewoond voor de Romeinse expansie op het Iberisch schiereiland en kent een Iberische en Phoenicische oorsprong. Het huidige aanzicht van de site wordt gekenmerkt door bebouwing uit de late 1e en 2e eeuw n.Chr. Baelo Claudia heeft een aantal typische Romeinse voorzieningen die passen bij een plaats met de status van een municipium. Het zijn echter de opvallende factoren die deze plaats zo inte....................
|| (2012-05-01) Locating island behavior: An archaeological predictive model for the pre-Columbian cultures of Bonaire, Dutch Caribbean|
Horst, Lennart van der
This thesis is about constructing an archaeological predictive model for Bonaire, Dutch Caribbean. The idea for this research came out of the political change in the former Netherlands Antilles. On 10-10-2010 the Netherlands Antilles were dismantled as an autonomous part of the Kingdom of The Netherlands and have formed new political entities. Through this change Bonaire became an overseas municipality of The Netherlands. With this change the bureaucratic system of Bonaire became part of the Dut....................
|| (2012-05-01) Argon-argon dating of the Trinil shells: establishing an age for Pithecanthropus erectus|
Haas, Victoria van der
The Pithecanthropus erectus fossils offer evidence that early Homo dispersed into South East Asia somewhere during the Palaeolithic. The main question that still remains is when this dispersal took place. However there is also another theory, depending on the outcome of the age of Pithecanthropus erectus; is it possible that Homo erectus evolved in Asia and then migrated to Africa? Over the years a lot of geological research has been conducted in order to date Pithecanthropus erectus, unearthed ....................
|| (2012-05-01) The Querns from Elsloo. An Analysis of the Querns from the Linearbandkeramik Settlement and Cemetery at Elsloo|
This thesis describes the results of an analysis of the Linearbandkeramik querns from Elsloo. A sample from the village (excavated material from the St. Jozefschool and the Riviusstraat) was compared to the total assemblage from the cemetery. All stages in their biography were taken into account, from the selection of the raw materials to the way they were treated after their use-life had come to an end. The research has shown that the querns passed through an interesting life-cycle. Sandstone c....................
|| (2012-05-01) Residue or Polish? The Importance of Cleaning for Use-wear Analysis|
The goal of this thesis is to try and obtain raw quantifiable data on the effects of various pH levels on the flint tools and traces of use on those tools in order to give recommendations on cleaning procedures. In order to do this tools have been experimentally used and subsequently cleaned for use-wear analysis. The changes to the traces of use were observed through the use of a metallographic microscope. In order to make accurate claims on the effects of these cleaning procedures on the trace....................
|| (2012-05-01) The “woman at the window” in the Near Eastern art|
This research relates about the “woman at the window” in the Near Eastern art. The “woman at the window” is a notorious iconographic theme which depicts a woman looking frontally out of a window. This motif is best known from the carved ivory panels, mainly found in the Neo-Assyrian centres, dated to the second millennium B.C., but this theme also occurs in various other contexts and regions. This essay investigates the iconography of this “woman at the window” as she is depicted on ....................
|| (2012-05-01) The presence of Christianity in Gaul in the 4th century. The Rise of Christianity in the cities of Gaul in the 4th century|
The 4th century marks the beginning of Christianity in Gaul. During the first two decades of the 4th century, Christians were still persecuted by law but by the end of the century Christianity had become the state religion of the Roman Empire. This was not only possible because of the pro-Christian emperors, starting with Constantine I. but also because of changes in society. Christianity was not yet accepted everywhere, but the new religion became more and more prominent, especially in the citi....................
|| (2012-05-01) Gezondheid is een schone zaak. Over de herkomst van Mexicaanse medicina tradicional, met een focus op de limpia|
Ik ging naar Mexico met het idee, onderzoek te doen naar het rituele aspect van medicina tradicional om dit vervolgens te analyseren op mogelijke invloeden en pre-koloniale elementen. Tijdens mijn veldwerk waren de curanderas die ik ontmoette bijzonder gastvrij en bereid hun kennis te delen. Ze bleken echter bij de genezingen waar ik bij aanwezig was, hun uitleg erg te focussen op kruidenmedicijnen. De bij een genezing gebruikte kruiden werden altijd genoemd, zodat ik ze kon noteren. Gezien de n....................
|| (2012-05-01) Urnfields in the land of isles. An analysis of urnfield – settlement relations in the eastern Netherlands|
The aims of this thesis were threefold. The first and main aim was to examine urnfield – settlement relations for the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age within the research area of the eastern Netherlands. Secondly the overall picture of these relations within the eastern Netherlands was to be compared to the situation in the northern- and southern Netherlands. The third underlying aim was to illustrate the potential of the eastern Netherlands as an archaeological research area. In addition to....................
|| (2012-05-01) The settlement within the landscape. A critical view on Iron Age habitation in the southern Netherlands|
As, Stijn van
The southern Netherlands is a highly discussed and intensely investigated area in the archaeology of the Netherlands. Large projects like Someren, Weert and Oss provide large amounts of information. This fuels the discussion about prehistoric habitation in the area, like the Iron Age which is a crucial period of changes. A few subjects concerning this discussion are the decline of ‘wandering farmsteads’, the increase of diversity and the change towards a settled or nucleated habitation. In o....................
|| (2012-05-01) The Blades from Jebel Aruda. A functional and technological lithic analysis|
This thesis includes a technological and functional analysis of blades from the Late Uruk period settlement of Jebel Aruda in northern Syria. The settlement of Jebel Aruda has, together with contemporary and neighbouring settlements like Habuba Kabira-süd, been interpreted as a southern Mesopotamian colonial emplacement in northern Mesopotamia, also known as ‘the Tabqa enclave’. Of these Jebel Aruda has been interpreted as a special administrative or religious centre, because of its unusual....................
|| (2012-05-01) Relics of a Forgotten Colony. The Cannon and Anchors of St. Eustatius|
In this thesis the results of a cannon and anchor survey on the Caribbean island St. Eustatius are presented and discussed. St. Eustatius was an extremely busy port during the latter half of the eighteenth century, and changed hands 22 times in the span of 180 years. To provide a framework in which these objects can be placed, an outline of the history of St. Eustatius as well as a general introduction to cannon and anchors are given. It was found that the French, Dutch, and English anchors enco....................
|| (2012-05-01) Motifs and Motivation. A Re-assessment of Methodological Approaches to Central Panamanian Iconography|
Vinkeles Melchers, Alexander
Ever since the world became aware of ancient Panamá’s archaeological remains, archaeologists have been fascinated by the intricate designs exhibited on its stones, ceramics, and gold work. This interest increased and formalised with the discovery of a rich graphic repertoire at Sitio Conte in the 1930s, and a subsequent rising concern with the worldview of Panamá's pre-contact population. The study of Central Panamanian iconography thus acquired growing importance. With the advancing signifi....................
|| (2012-05-01) From exclusion via seclusion to inclusion. The multiple narratives from Robben Island, South Africa|
Rhijn, A. van
Robben Island has received various comments by ICOMOS and UNESCO since its opening as a museum. Most of these issues are relating to the natural environment of the island and only four out of seventeen issues are relating to the cultural heritage. In this thesis there is a focus on one of the issues raised concerning the cultural heritage of island; the site interpretation issue. The main question that will be answered is Should the current state of presentation possibly be improved, and if so, ....................
|| (2012-05-01) The Velocity of Evolution. Implications for Biostratigraphical Dating|
Biostratigraphy is the most applied dating device for Quaternary (archaeological) sites, based on presumed predictable evolutionary changes in species morphology. The velocity of evolution may however deviate from directional trends due to a large amount of influencing factors, that are moreover not all identifiable fossil record. It is tried to relate patterns of morphological change to possible causal factors throughout this thesis, but due to unknown (relative) importance of these parameters ....................
|| (2012-05-01) War of Sacrifice. Motives of the xochiyaoyotl during the Late Post-Classic in Central Mesoamerica|
Bruins Slot, Jan Pieter
Tijdens de Laat Post-Klassieke (1200 A.D. - 1521 A.D. periode zijn in Centraal Mesoamerika verschillende oorlogen gevoerd die xochiyaoyotl (ook wel bekend als bloemenoorlogen) genoemd werden. Lang werd er gedacht dat deze oorlogen waren ingesteld door de Azteken om met de omliggende staten oorlog te kunnen voeren. Ze waren namelijk bedoeld om genoeg gevangenen te verkrijgen voor het offeren en het zou zorg dragen voor de training van de krijgers. Het diende een religieus en ritueel doel, omdat d....................
|| (2012-05-01) Romanizing Oss. Continuity and change in rural settlements|
Zon, Marleen van
The Iron Age-Roman Period transition is a much discussed subject. Key to this discussion is the process of Romanization. This term has had different definitions through time and several alternatives exist. I have chosen to define Romanization as the processes involved in transitioning to the Roman Period. Central to these processes should be the possibility to use and manipulate Roman culture in ambiguous ways, creating new identities but also maintaining aspects of pre-Roman beliefs and practic....................
|| (2012-05-01) Secondary burials of the Early Iron Age in the southern Netherlands. A re-appraisal|
The contemporary view on the so-called secondary burials in the Early Iron Age (800 BC– 500 BC) is that it is a very common phenomenon that started in the Middle Bronze Age A. This custom has its peak in the Early Iron Age. When looking at the facts this phenomenon appeared to be more nuanced than is assumed in the literature. It is a rare phenomenon, at which a distinction can be made between reuse of a contemporary barrow and re-use of an older barrow. Most secondary burials appeared to be p....................
|| (2012-05-01) West-Frisia from the Late Neolithic until the Middle Bronze Age. The colonist model revised|
Vries, Diana de
West-Frisia is an archeologically rich area of prehistoric remains, that are excellently preserved in the calcareous soil. However, not much is known from this interesting period, although many investigations have been carried out in the last several decades. This is mainly the case for the Bronze Age period. Most of these investigations are not elaborated in papers or simply not published at all. The continuous agricultural purposes in the area are a direct threat to the preservation of our pas....................
|| (2012-05-01) What to Dig? Selection in Dutch Municipal Archaeological Policies|
Vuuren, M. van
In my thesis I have studied the use of both quantitative and qualitative selective measures, as an instrument of archaeological heritage management in Dutch municipal archaeological policies. These measures are used in the process of valuing archaeological remains, in order to determine whether or not they are considered to be worthy of preservation. Currently, they are increasingly the topic of debate, as their effects can be both positive and negative, depending on the view of the beholder. Fi....................
|| (2012-05-01) Feeding the sun by giving your life. Placing Aztec human sacrifice under the magnifying glass|
The Aztecs, people living in the Valley of Mexico at the arrival of the Spaniards, are a well-discussed group which is believed to have had an elaborate ritual way of living in which sacrifices took place. The Spanish Conquistadores have documented many rituals in which victims are described to have been decapitated after their still pumping hearts were ripped out of their chests. Being described as cruel acts of the Devil, sacrifice was not tolerated among the Europeans and caused a lot of comm....................
|| (2012-05-01) Sexual Dimorphism in Human Canines. An odontometric study on a population from medieval Delft|
In this study the sexual dimorphism in canines of a human population from Medieval Delft is analyzed. The buccolingual diameter, mesiodistal diameter, crown height and total length of the canines of 74 individuals were measured, as well as the maxilla-alveolar breadth and length. The sex of the specimen was known through earlier performed ancient DNA analysis. The measurements were analyzed in graphs and Student’s T Tests were performed. It was found that even though the maxillo-alveolar bread....................
|| (2012-05-01) A Description and Ethnoarchaeological Discussion of a Selection of Pottery Workshops in present-day Egypt|
Zin El Deen Abed Elazez, Rania
The main subject of this thesis is the research of traditional pottery workshops in present-day Egypt. Pottery workshops producing pottery in a traditional way are disappearing due to several factors discussed in this thesis. The author decided to study a selection of workshops in Egypt, covering a large part of the Nile Valley: in the Fustat area in Cairo, in the Fayum, at Deir Mawas, and in the Qena-Ballas area. The research is intended to document one of the aspects of the heritage of Egypt o....................
|| (2012-05-01) To which the world sails. Egyptian travel, trade, and trafsformation in the second millennium BCE|
Egyptian seafaring in the second millennium BCE is examined in its social and economic aspects simultaneously, using an integrated approach relying on archaeological, iconographic, textual, and ethnographic evidence. Geography and technology are considered, along with status, the Egyptian world view, and the regional power structure. Particular attention is given to trade and exchange and the role of institutions and individuals in society and the economy. Social organisation in the dangerous co....................
|| (2012-05-01) The use of paper objects in ancient and contemporary Nahua society of Mexico|
A special kind of paper was used in Mexico since the first century BC. This kind of paper bares the name amate. It has developed, from the Mexica era (14th century) onwards, for many uses of which one relates to the fabrication of objects which play a role in ritual and social context. Until recently amate paper objects were used extensively until the 1960s and ‘70s as material expression in ritual context to address spirits of the cosmic world. After the 1960s it became a material for commerc....................
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|| (2012-05-01) Ancient DNA Analysis of Fossil Mammoth and Mastodon Dung. Contributions to dietary research|
Sanger based sequencing of mammoth and mastodon dung samples were performed. The mammoth samples, from permafrost regions in Alaska and Siberia, were successfully amplified and sequenced. The mastodon samples, preserved in a continuously wet, cool, low-pH, anoxic environment, on the other hand, could not be amplified; possibly because they still contained living bacteria. Innovative procedures were used to establish an optimal functioning protocol and process the sequences. The obtained results ....................
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