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Displaying records 25901 through 25950 of 202504.

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    (2013-12-13) Challenges for Young People as ‘Citizens to Be’ in Palestine
    Rojan, Ibrahim
    This research examines why the youth of Palestine are absent from the political arena. It focuses on the way youth perceive political participation and the role-played by the Palestinian Authority and political parties in encouraging or discouraging such participation. Using the right-based approach, the research will attempt to shed light on the various limitations that youth face in becoming real citizens in the Palestinian society. The data was examined and the following conclusion was reache....................
    (2014-12-12) Challenges Impeding Access to Social Protection Programmes for the Elderly Poor in Skipped Generation Households
    Mwangi, Leah Nyambura
    Aging is a phenomenon of concern in Kenya. As the old population grows, they diminish their endowments making them susceptible to shock and chronic poverty. They require attention and care from different interventions. Traditionally, it is expected that the young should care for the old. However, studies show that the elderly have had to take up a kinship role and raise their grand-children due to losing their children to HIV/AIDS. Skipped generation thus emerge adding an additional role to the ....................
    (2013-01-01) Challenges in diagnosing and managing TB-HIV co-infection in Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
    Stoepker, L. (Leon)
    Tuberculosis (TB) is a huge global health problem, with increasing problems due to the emergence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infection and multidrug-resistant (MDR)-TB. Indonesia carries the third highest TB burden globally. Co-infection of HIV and TB has been increasingly recognized. HIV attacks CD4+ T-lymphocytes, thereby compromising defense against intra-cellular organisms such as M. tuberculosis. In the presence of HIV, TB is associated with substantially higher case fatality r....................
    (2008-01-01) Challenges in Implementing Pro-Poor Decentralised Service Delivery in Uganda: A Case Study of LGDPII in Sironko District Local Government
    Kainza, Agnes Nzogi
    This study is about how the declining local government revenues affect the implementation of pro-poor policies in local governments in Uganda. Since the inception of Decentralisation Policy by the Government of Uganda in 1992, powers and responsibility to plan, budget, raise own revenue and implement programmes have been devolved from the centre to local governments. Decentralisation has been claimed to be the most effective way to take service closer to the people. The Government through ....................
    (2008-01-01) Challenges in Implementing Pro-Poor Decentralised Service Delivery in Uganda: A Case Study of LGDPII in Sironko District Local Government
    Kainza, Agnes Nzogi
    This study is about how the declining local government revenues affect the implementation of pro-poor policies in local governments in Uganda. Since the inception of Decentralisation Policy by the Government of Uganda in 1992, powers and responsibility to plan, budget, raise own revenue and implement programmes have been devolved from the centre to local governments. Decentralisation has been claimed to be the most effective way to take service closer to the people. The Government through the do....................
    (2008-01-01) Challenges in Institutionalising Performance Audits: The Case of Zambia
    Mwendalubi Moono M’soka
    The aim of this paper is to address the question of whether Office of the Auditor General in Zambia (OAG-Z) is able to adequately contribute to the efficient, economic and effective utilization and management of public funds and resources. The paper discusses the introduction of Performance Auditing in Zambia and the challenges surrounding its institutionalisation. The argument of this paper is that, the current audit scope does not adequately measure and assess the performance of governme....................
    (2014-12-12) Challenges of Access to Justice in Tanzania to Obtain Legal Assistance for Street Children Facing Physical Violence by Police
    Sanga, Evelina Hans
    Having access to justice in obtaining legal assistance and representation is a fundamental right of every child without bias and discrimination of any kind. However, premised on several factors that push children into the streets and the prevalence of violence against them, obtaining legal assistance and legal representation seem crucial to access justice when their rights are being violated. Street children who are victims of violence are entitled to legal assistance for the purpose of justice ....................
    (2011-01-01) Challenges of an organizational redesign:a case study of KLM's Baggage Turnaround Services unit.
    Nieuwenhuizen, L.
    Nowadays, little attention is given to redesigning organizational structures during times of complexity and transition. This is rather strange, because managers and organizations have to cope with a rapid changing environment and are expected to be creative and make smart decisions. This is subscribed by the management of the BTS Platform organization who struggle with a structure and design issue. Issues regarding goal clarity, task structure, work design and performance are indications of....................
    (2008-01-01) Challenges of information work in the new world of work : a qualitative study at Microsoft Services
    Heerdt ter, J.A.J.
    This document presents the results from an exploration of Information Worker related challenges in the New World of Work (NWOW). The study has taken place in collaberation with Microsoft Services in the Netherlands. Microsoft BV is an example space for Microsoft worldwide to investigate how the NWOW vision will work in practice. This study at hand tries to help make the transition form the current situation to the NWOW situation easier by indicating possible future challenges and investigating ....................
    (2013-12-13) Challenges of Reducing Under-Five Mortality: an Analysis of Contributing Factors from the Nigerian Context
    Aderinwale, Esther Oluwafeyikemi
    In a bid to deepen understandings about underlying causes of the uneven success in reducing global child mortality rates by 2015 (MDG 4), this research analyses the situation in Nigeria, a country that ranks second highest in global child mortality ratings. Using the proximate framework for child survival developed by Mosley and Chen (1984) and extant literature, this study identified factors influencing child survival at global and national levels. An empirical investigation was subsequently co....................
    (2015-01-01) Challenges of the Lean Startup Method: Entrepreneurial Knowledge Management during the BML-Loop
    Ghorashi, Hadi
    The Lean Startup methodology represents a new way of guiding startups. The therefore by Eric Ries developed Build-Measure-Learn loop should speed up the learning and development of Lean Startups through a validated learning process. This paper examines the different knowledge management aspects that are implied within the different stages of the circle and evaluates whether they are applicable in regard to the capabilities of independent startups. Four different stages, namely preparation, execu....................
    (2016-01-01) Challenges of Using Sound and Complete Static Analysis Tools in Industrial Software
    Stikkelorum, Wouter
    A static analysis tool that is sound and complete will be able to find all the bugs present in software, without reporting false warnings. Knowing that a software system is completely bug free can be very valuable, especially for safety critical systems. Static analysis tools that use formal verification techniques come closest to be being sound and complete because they can prove that systems have bugs or not. Running these tools however, can be very labor intensive, or they might only be appli....................
    (2011-01-01) Challenges startup companies face when recruiting for personnel.
    Oostinjen, K.
    Human resources are critical for entrepreneurial firm survival and growth (Aldrich & Langton, 1997). Therefor, research on the recruitment problems startups face is necessary. The findings in this research are based upon two questionnaires, one from startups and one from jobseekers. Questions on recruitment channels, required job characteristics, future job size, growth ambition, actual growth and access to resources were asked. The results indicate that startups have a smaller labour market com....................
    (2014-01-01) Challenges, Approaches and Solutions to Strategic Change: Evidence from German Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises
    Feldberg, Fabian
    Due to rapidly changing business environments, strategic change has become inevitable for companies. According to current literature, companies fail to implement big parts of the strategy they formulated as they face a lot of challenges on their way. Consequently this research is to point out challenges and come up with solutions to improve the effectiveness of strategy implementation. Therefore five qualitative interviews were conducted in small and medium-sized companies operating in different....................
    (2010-08-24) Challenging children to choose a book in the library:
    Van Doorn, F.
    To become the most modern library of the world, DOK is developing new concepts to adapt to the needs of their visitors. The public library branch is going through a renewal to withstand the decrease of library use. Less people, including children, are visiting the library since the nineties. Needs and expectations of customers have been changing and the library services should adapt to these changes. DOK wants to stimulate children, especially boys, to read. By making the searching process more....................
    (2014-01-01) Challenging Gender Identities; How the spectator perceives a character that deviates from the illusionary gender core
    Tönissen, Niek
    In this thesis is analysed in what way The Hunger Games’ lead character Katniss Everdeen and Cool Kids Don’t Cry’s lead character Akkie van Vliet portray a new ideology of female heroism, in which the female character internalizes feminine and masculine traits to create a believable, compelling and strong character which challenges the heteronormative representation in traditional Hollywood film. With help of Butler’s notion of ‘performativity’ and ‘iterativity’, and Kahneman’s....................
    (2017-01-01) Challenging gender stereotypes in advertising : which effects in consumers’minds ?
    Aguillon, L.
    More and more advertisers are trying to move away from stereotypical gender portrayals in advertisements, in order to match with changing gender roles. Individuals differ in their social role orientations, to the extent to which those orientations can be considered as gender-linked or gender-transcendent. Such changes in depictions in brands’ advertising might affect brand associations held in consumer’s memory. Brand associations’ strength, uniqueness and favorability are a requirement fo....................
    (2008-01-01) CHALLENGING NEOLIBERALISM
    Konforti, Lazar
    This paper uses a global value chain framework to analyse the globalised struggle over the embeddedness of agriculture between neoliberalism as a system and the fair trade network. The neoliberal model of governance is discussed in terms of its effects on value chain dynamics and power relationships. Neoliberal governance promotes the pursuit of individual gain at the expense of social considerations, i.e. a Polanyian disembedded economy. It is argued that the three crucial aspects of neoli....................
    (2008-01-01) Challenging Neoliberalism: A value chain perspective on the struggle over governing agriculture in a globalised world
    Konforti, Lazar
    This paper uses a global value chain framework to analyse the globalised struggle over the embeddedness of agriculture between neoliberalism as a system and the fair trade network. The neoliberal model of governance is discussed in terms of its effects on value chain dynamics and power relationships. Neoliberal governance promotes the pursuit of individual gain at the expense of social considerations, i.e. a Polanyian disembedded economy. It is argued that the three crucial aspects of neoli....................
    (2011-01-01) Challenging perceptions : the effect of an NGO on the lives of deaf and disabled people in Cambodia
    Oude Weernink, Karin
    The social model of disability is firmly grounded within disability studies in the west. Although its usefulness is challenged by some academia and today it is still not fully implemented, it contributed to the visibility of disabled people in society and lead to valuable adjustments to the benefit of this group. Most poor countries are mainly untouched by the premises of the social model and rather adhere to a medical approach of disability. Cambodia is such a country, with a focus on individua....................
    (2016-12-16) Challenging racism in the Netherlands - The case of the public debate on zwarte piet.
    Dorp, Roos Heleen van
    This research paper looks at how racism is currently being challenged in the Netherlands, especially through the case of the blackface character ‘zwarte piet’. With its roots in Dutch colonial history, the paper discusses the specific context of racism the Netherlands to try to understand the strange paradox in which a country that prides itself for its tolerance and human rights advocacy, can continue to allow the portrayal of racist stereotypical representations such as zwarte piet. In thi....................
    (2013-01-01) Challenging the changing charges : legal re-characterization of facts by the Court at the ICC
    Ballegoijen de Jong, J.P.A.
    In recent ICC history, the judges have issued some controversial decisions regarding the legal re-characterization of facts and circumstances in the charges, pursuant to Regulation 55 of the Regulations of the Court. As these Regulations have been drafted by the judges themselves, particular attention should be given to the legality of this provision, and consequently the way it is currently being used. In order to render a well-reasoned judgment on this matter, I will first take a look as to....................
    (2011-01-01) Challenging the functional state theory : a Shell / Niger Delta case study
    Ettinger, Sanne R. van
    This thesis looks at the effects that the corporate citizen has on the functioning of the state. Especially in a dysfunctional or weak state the influence of (foreign) companies that practice corporate social responsibility is far reaching. After analyzing the situation in the Niger Delta where Shell has been operating since many years, it becomes clear that the traditional functional state theory is out of date and not able to capture the total picture. The corporate citizen should be added to ....................
    (2015-08-24) Challenging the Patriarchal Structure in International Relations through the role female politicians play today
    Lorenz, Antonia
    This thesis will analyse if IR is moving towards a less patriarchal structure by looking at the discourse on female political leaders. The reason for evaluating this change is that in the last 20 years, the number of females in high political positions has not only risen, but their performance has proven time and time again that women are as capable of running international and national affairs as men. By looking at the discourse, it will be examined what the different perspectives on female pol....................
    (2016-03-22) Challenging the refugee Gap - Labour Market Integration and Occupational Mobility among Syrian Refugees in Istanbul
    Smorenburg, T.
    The Syrian crisis entered its fifth year of existence this year, displacing millions of people and forcing millions of them to search refuge in neighbouring countries. During this time, Turkey received the highest amount of Syrian refugees. In the current context, where Syrians cannot go back to their homeland because it is not safe for them to do so and resettlement through the UNHCR is done on a very small scale, integration is the only solution. A major catalyst for local integration is acqu....................
    (2013-12-13) Challenging the System: Using Strategic Human Rights Litigation in Seeking Transnational Remedies in the Context of Business and Human Rights
    Enriquez Lavitoria, Marie Hazel
    When TNCs’ investment in developing countries causes the displacement of people from their land, how do human rights advocates respond? In answering the question, this paper investigates the potential of strategic human rights litigation in seeking transnational remedies within the emerging business and human rights framework. This research shows that tensions between business and human rights arise because global economic market reforms have weakened the power of developing countries to fulfi....................
    (2015-12-11) Challenging Traditional Discourse: Corporate Social Responsibility in Nepal’s Airline Industry
    Singh, Sudeep Bahadur
    The essence of the research is to understand the logic behind Nepalese airline company, Buddha Air, initiating its Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in a diverse field of agriculture and to comprehend the outcome; and to know whether it is a rhetorical facade or a sustainable philanthropic deed. For the betterment of the livelihood of the rural farmers and to fight poverty alleviation, the CSR has assisted in raising productivity, lowering cost of production and generating employment o....................
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